Yellow finches, also known as American Goldfinches, are small, brightly colored birds that are known for their beautiful plumage and cheerful songs. These birds are found throughout North America, and are commonly found in backyards and gardens, where they feed on a variety of seeds and insects.
The diet of yellow finches is primarily made up of seeds, which make up over 90% of their diet. They are particularly fond of thistle, sunflower, and dandelion seeds, and will often cling to the heads of these plants while feeding. They also feed on the seeds of other plants, such as coneflowers, black-eyed susans, and cosmos.
Yellow finches are especially attracted to nyjer seeds, also known as thistle seeds, which are a favorite food source for these birds. Nyjer seeds are small, black, oil-rich seeds that are high in protein and fat, making them a nutritious and energy-rich food for birds. These seeds are often sold in special feeders that are designed to dispense them slowly, preventing waste and attracting a variety of birds.
In addition to seeds, yellow finches also feed on insects, particularly during the breeding season when they need extra protein to raise their young. They are known to feed on a variety of insects, including aphids, caterpillars, and spiders, which they pluck from leaves and branches.
During the winter months, when food sources are scarce, yellow finches will also feed on tree buds and bark, as well as the dried heads of plants that have gone to seed. They are also known to visit backyard bird feeders, where they can be found feeding on a variety of seeds and suet.
If you want to attract yellow finches to your backyard, the best way to do so is to provide a variety of food sources, including nyjer seeds, sunflower seeds, and suet. You can also plant flowers and plants that produce seeds that yellow finches like to eat, such as thistle, sunflowers, and coneflowers. By providing a diverse range of food sources, you can help ensure that these beautiful birds will visit your backyard and brighten up your day with their cheerful songs and colorful plumage.