The American Goldfinch, also known as the Eastern Goldfinch, is a small songbird native to North America. They are known for their bright yellow plumage, which is especially vibrant in males during the breeding season.
In addition to their striking yellow feathers, male American Goldfinches also have black wings and a black tail with white markings. Their foreheads and wings also have white markings, adding to their distinctive appearance. Females are less colorful, with olive-yellow feathers and less prominent black and white markings.
During the non-breeding season, both males and females have a more muted appearance, with their yellow feathers fading to a duller greenish-yellow. They also lose some of their distinctive markings.
In terms of size, American Goldfinches are relatively small birds, measuring about 4.3 to 5.1 inches in length and weighing between 0.39 to 0.71 ounces. They have a compact, round body shape and a short, conical bill, which is adapted for eating seeds.
One interesting aspect of the American Goldfinch’s appearance is that they undergo a complete molt in the fall, shedding their bright breeding plumage in favor of a duller winter coat. This helps them to blend in better with their surroundings during the colder months when there is less vegetation.
Overall, the American Goldfinch is a beautiful and distinctive bird with a bright yellow plumage and striking black and white markings. Their appearance changes slightly depending on the season, but they are always a joy to spot in the wild.