The Oriental magpie-robin, also known as the Asian magpie-robin, is a small passerine bird that belongs to the family Muscicapidae. It is widely distributed throughout the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia, including countries such as India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, and Indonesia.
The Oriental magpie-robin inhabits a variety of habitats, including forests, scrublands, grasslands, gardens, and urban areas. It is a common resident of parks and gardens in urban areas, where it is often seen perched on trees and buildings.
In forests, the Oriental magpie-robin is typically found in the understory and lower canopy layers, where it feeds on insects and small invertebrates. In urban areas, it often feeds on human food scraps and insects attracted to artificial light.
The Oriental magpie-robin is a resident bird, which means that it does not migrate and stays in its habitat year-round. It is also a territorial bird, with males defending their territories and singing to attract mates.
In terms of conservation status, the Oriental magpie-robin is classified as a species of “Least Concern” by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). However, habitat destruction and fragmentation, as well as the capture of birds for the pet trade, are potential threats to its populations in some areas.
In conclusion, the Oriental magpie-robin is a widely distributed bird species that inhabits a range of habitats throughout the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia. Its adaptability to urban environments has enabled it to thrive in parks and gardens, and it remains a common sight in many cities.