What is Common redpoll

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Common Redpoll

The common redpoll or mealy redpoll (Acanthis flammea) is a species of bird in the finch family. It breeds somewhat further south than the Arctic redpoll, also in habitats with thickets or shrubs. Length: 11.5-14 cm, Weight: 10-16 g, Wingspan: 19-22 cm.

What does a Common Redpoll look like?

The common redpoll male has a black or dark-brown forehead and eyes, rose red or vermilion on the forehead and top of the head, milky white eyebrow lines, light brown ear area and cheeks, grayish white feather tips slightly stained with rose red, the back of the head, pillow, and back The neck, back, and shoulders are light brown or grayish brown with dark brown longitudinal stripes, and the waist is white or grayish white slightly stained with pink and has dark brown stripes. The overlying feathers of the tail are dark brown, with off-white feather margins, and the tail is dark brown with thin white or off-white feather margins. The two-wing coverts and flight feathers are dark brown, and the tip of the large coverts is white, forming a white wing band on the wings. The flight feathers are dark brown, the feather edges are light brown, the tips are brownish white, and the tips of the third flight feathers are white. Chin black, lower cheeks, throat, chest and neck rose red, belly white slightly pinkish, chest side and two sides skin yellowish white and brown with dark brown longitudinal stripes, especially the two flanks are thicker. The undertail coverts are white, the long undertail coverts have dark brown longitudinal stripes, and the underarm and underwing coverts are white.

The female is similar to the male, but the throat, breast and waist are free of pink staining. The chin is black, and the rest of the lower body is yellowish white with dark stripes.

Iris brown, mouth yellow or yellowish brown, mouth peak dark brown, feet dark brown.

Common Redpoll habitat

Inhabit coniferous and broad-leaved mixed forests, broad-leaved forests and secondary forests in low hills and plains at the foot of mountains, especially in forest margins, sparse forests, grass slopes, bushes, swamps with young trees and shrubs, river valleys and farmland grasslands more common.

During the breeding period, it inhabits open forests and tundra forest shrubs around the Arctic, especially in birch forests, alder forests, bushes, open swamps, rivers and lakes where sparse willows and alder trees grow. Also in and out of the rocky open tundra poplar birch thickets and willow thickets, and occasionally to the tundra rocky grasslands for activities and foraging, during migration and winter.

Common Redpoll living habit

The common redpoll is a winter migratory bird in China. Breeds in Northern Europe, Russia and North America. They migrate to Northeast China at the end of September or early October every year, and some of them stay in the Changbai Mountains for the winter. Although the temperature is more than minus 30 degrees, they are still very active and leave until the end of March or early April of the following year; Seen in Hebei by early April. And in autumn, they migrated in large numbers on Shaweishan Island and the coast of Hebei Province.

In addition to most activities in pairs during the breeding season, they often form small groups of 5-7 or more than 10 animals, and sometimes large groups of dozens or even hundreds of animals are seen during migration, often in grass trees, ears of grain, shrubs and branches activity and foraging. Sex is not afraid of people, and when feeding or choosing a nest pair, people will fly away when they are very close to it. Often a bird flies first, followed by a flock of birds.

What do Common Redpolls eat

The food is mainly plant food, principally birch and alder seeds in the winter. In spring, young leaves are mostly eaten, and small insects such as Coleoptera are also eaten; in autumn, grains such as sorghum, millet and buckwheat are eaten. Also eats a lot of seeds and some insects.

Distribution area of the Common Redpoll

Distributed in the near Arctic region, including northern Europe to Canada, Russia, Japan, the Korean Peninsula and Northeast China.

Mode of reproduction

The breeding season is mainly between May and July, and nesting begins in early April at the earliest. Soon after arriving at the breeding grounds, the males begin their courtship activities, singing from the tops of trees and tall shrubs, or flying courtship in the air. Nests on low branches of trees or in bushes, 0.5-2 meters above the ground, up to 4 meters high, occasionally nests in grass on the ground. The nest is cup-shaped and is composed of dry grass stems, grass leaves and twigs, and is lined with soft materials such as feathers and catkins. Each clutch lays 4-6 eggs. Eggs are light blue or green with brown spots. The size of the eggs is 16.8-18.2 x 12.2-12.3 mm. After all the eggs are laid, they start to hatch, which is undertaken by the female. They hatch after about 11 days and the young fledge in about a further 13 days.

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